How Human Should Robots Become?

I doubt toasters will ever approach humanness. Robotic caregivers may seem like people to those they serve. As levels of care become more nuanced and personalized, the humanness will continue to increase.

There are several aspects to this, with morals and values coming into play. I see three cases for consideration: the rights and treatment of robots, impact of human-like robots on humanity, and a possible merger.

First, treatment of robots. While some have decried robotic “slavery” and argued for robotic personhood, this misunderstands them. Robots…